Established in 1973, Chitwan National Park is the first National Park of Nepal and was granted the status of World Heritage Site in 1984. It is located in Chitwan District, covering an area of 932 sq. km.
Chitwan National Park is covered mostly with Sal trees (about 70%) and Terai-Duar Savanna & grasslands (20%). There are variety of species of vegetation found within Chitwan National Park. Some of the tallest grass in the world like Elephant Grass is found within this area.
Besides wide range of vegetation, there is also large amount of wildlife, believed to be about 700 species. Apart from King Cobra & Rock Python, there are 17 other species of Snakes, tortoise and lizards. The Narayani-Rapti river that forms a boundary in the West & North is perfect habitat for 113 recorded species of Fish, Mugger & Gharial crocodiles. There are about 43 species of mammals, including The Royal Bengal Tiger. Other mammals include Leopard, Sloth Bear, Otters, Bengal Foxes, Wild Boars, Hog Deer, Chital, Four Horned Antelopes, different species of monkeys, porcupines etc.
Another popular wildlife inside Chitwan is One Horned Rhino. It is visible most of the time during the Jungle Safari inside Chitwan National Park. Also, highest number of birds was recorded in this area that any other place in Nepal. So, it is the perfect place for Bird Watching.
Because of diversity in flora and fauna, Chitwan National Park is one of popular destination for nature enthusiast, family holiday tour in Nepal. Sauraha is well known spot for tourists which is at the edge of National Park.
If you are interested in Jungle Safari in Elephant Back (or Jeep) and watching wildlife in their natural habitat, then you should travel to Chitwan National Park.